Science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through biology, physics and chemistry. As part of a rich science education, children at Bowsland Green are taught essential aspects of scientific knowledge, methods, processes and the uses of science through a range of science enquiries. Science is a subject enjoyed by many pupils at Bowsland Green as it allows them to understand more about the world around them and develop their scientific skills. Through a range of topics, children at Bowsland Green are encouraged to develop a sense of curiosity and excitement towards science. They are also encouraged to understand how science has changed our lives and how it is vital for the future. Below is a summary of what you would expect your child/children to be learning about as part of the science curriculum. (Taken from the National Curriculum 2014)


In Reception, children are encouraged to learn about the world around them through play and exploration. Children are given a wide range of activities to encourage them to ask questions, observe and explain what they can see. Activities are linked to the term’s topic and are both adult and child led.

Key Stage 1

Through a range of exciting topics, children at Bowsland Green will be learning the following during their time in KS1. They will be introduced to a variety of plants and animals, materials and physical phenomena.

Programme of study:

  • Basic structures and simple classification of common plants.
  • Plants and growing.
  • Animals, including humans.
  • Habitats, including food chains.
  • Simple physical properties of everyday materials in relation to their uses.
  • Uses of everyday materials.
  • Seasonal changes and day and night.

Working Scientifically:

  • Ask simple questions and recognise that they can be answered in different ways.
  • Observe using simple equipment.
  • Perform simple tests.
  • Identify and classify.
  • Use observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.
  • Gather and record data to help answer a question.

Lower Key Stage 2

Through a range of exciting topics, children at Bowsland Green will be learning the following during their time in LKS2. They will broaden their view of the world around them by exploring, talking about, testing and developing ideas about everyday phenomena and the relationship between living things and familiar environments.

Programme of study:

  • The function of different parts of plants and what plants need to survive.
  • Animals including humans: what animals need to survive, movement and the skeleton.
  • Classification of living things: plants, animals and conservation.
  • Human digestion.
  • Simple physical properties of some kinds of rocks and how rocks soils and fossils are formed.
  • States of matter and changes of state, with particular reference to water.
  • Forces and magnets.
  • Sources of sound.
  • Light and shadows.
  • The uses of electricity and how to wire a simple circuit.

Working Scientifically:

  • Ask relevant and suitable questions and use a range of scientific enquiries to answer them.
  • Set up simple practical enquiries that are fair tests.
  • Make systematic and careful observations. Where appropriate use accurate measurements using standard units and a range of equipment, including thermometers.
  • Gather, record, classify and present data in different ways to help answer questions.
  • Record findings using simple scientific language, drawings, diagrams, keys, bar charts and tables.
  • Report on own findings orally or written.
  • Use results to draw simple conclusions to enquiries.
  • Identify differences, similarities or changes related to scientific ideas and processes.
  • Use scientific evidence to answer questions or to support what they have found out.

Upper Key Stage 2

Through a range of exciting topics, children at Bowsland Green will be learning the following during their time in UKS2. They will gain a deeper understanding of a wide range of ideas by exploring; talking about their ideas; asking their own questions and analysing relationships and interactions.

Programme of study:

  • Life cycles, including reproduction, growth and old age.
  • All living things: life processes, including classification.
  • The human circulatory system and blood.
  • Inheritance and evolution happening over long periods of time.
  • Properties and changes of materials.
  • Forces such as gravity and friction e.g. air resistance and transfer of force through mechanical devices.
  • Earth and space.
  • The basic parts of a simple electric series circuit.

Working Scientifically:

  • Plan different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary.
  • Take measurements using a range of scientific equipment with increased accuracy.
  • Record data and results of increasing complexity using diagrams, keys, tables, bar and line graphs.
  • Use test results to make predictions for further tests.
  • Report and present findings including conclusion, relationships and explanations of results.
  • Identify scientific evidence to support ideas.

Children are also encouraged to recognise and learn a variety of scientific words as part of the curriculum. You will find any key words on the termly newsletters. As part of the National Curriculum it is an expectation that children read and spell vocabulary in line with their word and spelling knowledge depending on their year group.